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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, October 1919"

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 



OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 



Copy from 

FILE 143 



MONTHLY REPORT 
for 

October, 
1919. 



/ 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 

I OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 

November 8, 1919. 

Dear Sirs 

2he following is njy report on conditions in Yellow- 
stone National jParfc and on the operation of the parfe for the 
month of October, 1919: 



MMIMHh 

i!he most unusual weather conditions of \7hich there 
ore reoord prevailed. Jhe lonth as a whole was one of 
usual severity, and greater departures from the normal con- 
ditions with regard to temperature and snowfall have not 
been recorded for axy month of the year since the beginning 
of the record in 1887* 2he lowest temperature was 6 degrees 
below *ero, which is lower than for wop previous October 
except that of 1887, when the cooperative observer at Fort 
Yellowstone recorded 20 degrees below aero. Except for two 
brief periods of one and two days respectively the tempera- 
ture was consistently belorc normal throughout the month and 
the acccsoulated deficiency in temperature increased as the 
south advanced, resultii^r in an average daily deficiency of 
11,1 degrees* Comparison indicates that this departure from 
normal temperature not only is greater than any prerious 
October of record, but is a greater departure than any other 
siigle month on record. 2he lowest mean temperature for 
October previously recorded since 1887 was 35 in 1916* The 
greatest departure fron norraal for any single month previous 
to this October, was minus 10 in March, 1917. Midwinter con- 
ditions prevailed during the latter half of the month with 
below zero temperatures on several days and with almost daily 
snowstorms. 2he storm of the - , rtiich yielded 15,0 
inches of snow was not only unprecedented for the month of 
October, but with the exception of January 17, 1895, when 
16*0 inches of snow were recorded, it is the greatest amount 
of snowfall for any one storm in 32 years 1 reoord, while the 
total for the month, 26* 6 inches, is nearly 20 per oent 
greater than the normal for January, the month of heaviest 
snowfall. ?he total precipitation reduced to water was 2*67 
inches, tftileh is 1.52 inches, or moro than double, than normal* 



-1- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

e of superv^r fJBll u dayg ln Oetoberf ^^ ttneqa^!^ tat 021l> 

October since 1904, namely 1916* 2he wind moveraant was about 
the average Iter October, bat the laaactaam velocity of 42 miles 
from the south on the 8th was not exceeded but once since the 
eather Bureau was established here in 1903* 2he sunshine 
was only 34 per cent of the possible, it being the least in 
the October record, and about 60 per cent of the normal annunt* 
2here were 20 cloudy days, the greatest number of which there 
is record for the month. J?he extremes occurred mostly after 
the middle of the month, since \4iioh time the conditions in 
general hare been practioallyjtthose of raidarinter rather than 
late fall, k copy of the rfonthly Meteorological Swmaary is 
inclosed herewith* 

Srarel* 

11 roods were passable up to October 22, but travel 
was light end consisted prinoipally of concessioners making 
improvements to earaps, hotels, stores, etc, in the upper 
perk* ft few tourists p&ssiag close to the park took advan- 
tage ef the opportunity to see all or a part of it, and there 
were a few taunting parties en routo to Jsckson Kole, yarning, 
or Henry 1 s Lake, Idaho, who ^ero pGrrnitted to pass through 
with their own automobiles, sealed firearms and trophies, 
this beli^ their nearest route and sometimes the only thor- 
oughfare* 

2ho vary heavy snowstorm that fell October 22 and 
25 left 15 Inches of snow on the ground at Headquarters, 18 
inches at Horris, 24 inches at Soda Butte, 28 inches at £ower 
Falls, sad 36 inches at Cooke City. Jhe use of trucks had to 
be abandoned as impracticable, and sleighs substituted in 
place of them. Our own service, as well as most concessioners, 
had trucks stalled in the mm on the roads to lake and 2ower 
Falls, and it was with great inconvenience and expense that 
they were brought back to Headquarters for the winter* e 
were forced to send the 75-horse power Holte caterpillar 
tractor to Ta;or Falls to bring in four of our trucks which 
could not travel through so laueh snow, and the trip took about 
a week. ?o this date the snow has settled somewhat, but is 

a*&g**4 a && ft'jfWhfiBBi &*csw? flag* a™ 1 

Goafce Oity* Tbe road between Gardiner and Headquarters has 
not been closed to motor traffic, as there \ms enough travel 
to keep it open in spite of the snow, though sleighing also 
was good and sleighs have besn used to sorao extent for heavy 
freighting* At the ixresent writing, this is the only road 

-2- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 
E OF SUPERVISOR 

in the park passable for motor traffic. 

On October 13 vertal ardors were issued to entrance 
stations to permit no one to enter eseept on special permit, 
and notice was given to stations ahead when permits were issued, 
so a careful watch could be leapt of parties entering who 
might be disposed to hunt or commit depredations in the parte. 

Storms beginning October 6 made the roads muddy, 
and on October 15 the parties holding permits to haul freight 
between Gardiner and Cootoo through the park, were notified 
that they would not be permitted to travel over certain parts 
of the road whioh ^ere specially soft, ©accept when the ground 
was frosen, 3oon after this order ^ent into effect, however, 
the haary snows C3s® on •! with trucks out of the 

fees ti on* 

labor and sutoIv saaxfrpja * 

Beginning atfttt October 1 stops were in progress to 
discontinue aost of tfefi a#tt*« field ?/orte for the season, due 
to uncertain weather and depletion of funds, therefore there 
was no demand for hire of labor or purchase of supplies 
during the aontlu 2he Hotel Company, the Ca^sping Coarpany, 
both of the general Bt Curie 7#ever, 

were Just beginning extensive repair s and i ?nts as 

mentioned in another part of this report, sad. they employed 
all ef our,. surplus mechanics ml laboares ?rhc wore wiilitg 
to resaair. in the park longer, a£ good wsrres, and had to go 
outside to find enough for their use. 2hey report the price 
of building material as excessive, v&ich with the present 
high price for labor ms&es building ver^ expensive at the 
present time* 

II. PttNKL. 

iHftHNs* 

On October 1 there were 288 employees on our rolls; 
on October 31 there rare 70. Below is given a list of the 
numbers of various classes of employees serving under appoint- 
ment, with general statement of the kind of work performed 
by each class: 



1 

I OF SUPERVISOR 

2 

5 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL F?ABKJ3E£ 



YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

Asst. Bi«in«p L ^wsTote tf»?Sfc>ft£ •eotion of road wartc 

(1 was furl*«hed on Slat and 1 laid 
off on 24th) Also office engineering. 



ttaokoniths 

Clor:^ 



1 
1 
I 

1 
1 

1 
2 

1 
1 



iileotriolaas 

Buffalo Herder 
fiaf f ale Keeper 



IfeMMMM 1- 



1 Disbursing agent an* 
clerk; 1 on orders* propoealo and 
vouchors, 1 stenographer, files 
and revenues; 1 on pap rolls and time- 
keeping; 1 en east accounting and 
in charge of storehouse. 

1 in charge of paver plant; Z 
assistants in power ?lant« 



ork with tame buffalo herd. 

In charge of tarae buffalo herd. 

1 in charge of all engineering work 
in parlc under direction of Super- 
intendent; 1 in charge of stables; 1 
in charge of construction oror* 

- in eonmissary, rationing crave, 
etc. 

In charge of telephone s^sfcera; did 
aju sr g e m y work and installed in* 
strxraents. 

In charge of shops. 

1 in change of aato and truck reoair 
shop; 1 renairiag and driving tracks. 

In charge of general planning at 



pJNNl 



2el«graph operator telegraph operator 
office rorfc. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTOHtHflflUrf } 



E OF SUPERVISOR 

27 labors In charge of different stations; 

on duty in Chief Kaneer f s Office; 
petrol duty; assisting rangers 
in charge of stations; feeding 
elk, oto. 

1 MflMi In charge of general painting 

work at Headquarters. 

1 NHHi I iMMi Ir. <*iar*e of all tranaporta- 

qf Ifranspn. tioxu 

1 .line .a Driving caterpillar tractor. 

Seme of the above eoployees were carried only a 
portion of tht 

Xn .addition to the re*rul«r erroloyees mentioiiea 
above, the following list of tetnporary laborers, teamsters, 
etc., ware employed: 



Zruofc drivers 

Laborers 

Teamsters 

Soecial laborers 

CarpeuUrs 

Cooks 

alters 
das enginaaan 



Jtom if mhhm* 

Baring October animal leave was granted as follows t 

... H. lendell, clar>, 1 to 4, inclusive; 4 days. 
. L. Shultz, telephone switchboard operator , 
3 to 7 t inclusive; 4 days. 

?• J. Townseod, par* raxger, 1 to 2, inclusive; 

£• A. Allan, lineman, 13 to 16 at noon, inclusive; 

3 1 ftp* 

Hans Larean, watohtaan, U to 17, inclusive; 
days* 



fejtfb 


V 


ta 1Mb 


m 


10 




4 




125 




3 




39 




2 




M 




2 




5 




3 




1? 




M 




6 
2M 




— 






. s 





DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

J. B. amallT E ^84SBP r ^a§*i,wx& to 31, inoluBivOj 

E OP SUPER^O fiys# 

0, H. Oanrielc, assistant engineer, 10 to 11; 16 
to 21, inclusive; 7 days. 

:• J* O f Lsoghlin t bl&clcanith, noon 15 to 15 j 
one-half da&r, 

Robert !*• Filtser, assistant engineer, 17 to 24, 
inclusive! 7 days. 

J« ti 3«K?er, olex*c, 16 (noon) to 25, inclusive; 



0?f days* 

8&- days* 

7 days* 

£ dqpe* 



A* 0* Heumaan, painter, 11 to noon of 21, inclusive* 



Clarence 0, Lauer, elesfe, 18 to 18$ 1 

£• F» Cu^toan, park raider, 16 to 23, inclusive; 

Barl in Bemaa* yaxfr ranker* 28 to £9, inclusive; 



fhe following appointments beca?ne ef fee tire duriaqg 
the month of October* 

M. r. aidaner, parte ranger, lOO per nsonth, effective Oct, 1. 
iSarl $ m Bewnmn, parfc raider, |WW annraa, 1- 

Fraafc 1»« ilualee, blaefesrsitb, o!300 aimam, 7. 

fiaanttiBt' 

2he ffellas&n£ separations too*: effect fetfttg Cctober: 

R, li tolscoll, foreseen, close of October 4, 
George L. Henderson, fereaiaa, close of October 5. 
J, ft aline, parffc reader, close of October 5. 
John A* uvans, foreman, close of October 10 , 
Vincent C, Coaohan, foreman, close of October 11* 
Hans Larsen, watebmaa, close of Oetober 17, 

llaa K, Ferrell, foreman, close of October 17. 
Beats ?• liite, foreman, close of October 20 • 
Clair H* Oonriolc, assista ser, elose of October SI, 

B, ?, Custom, park ranker, dose of October Z9* 
Robert 1. Filiaer, assistant engineer, close of Octobers. 
Jacob i , Bayer, elerK, close of October 25, 
Hellie Roaeh, telephone switchboard operator, close of Oct. 31. 

Hilars J* O f tea^ilin blsdcscdtH, close of October 31* 
Derety R. Sherman, gas exginsnaa, close of October SU 
Edsrard • Meiexmon, chauffeur, close of October 31, 
♦ Open, paxfe ranger, olese og Oetober 29, 

-6- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

e of supEF&fdo* V. Harr, Buffalo herder, October 31. 

»• follosiring vacancies misted at the close of 

the months 

1 ChiorC Aaqger* 

1 Assistant Buffalo Keeper. 

Reeeamndations have been laade for fillip these 



(ft) geaatrustion of xterslcal I*gpr<nraasfr |ff« 

la construction worst for the past month veay little 
has been accomplished. During the first few days of the 
aonth a heavy mm hindered worse, and on the 5th most of the 
craws n&re called in on account of the laefc of funds to carry 
on soy farther worlc. 

2he contractors for tho under-pass bridge near 
iJylvai Pass have done no imrie for the past month. Htmlr 
ere* disbanded the latter part of septesfcer, leaving the con- 
trast 60 per cent completed. 

2he snail crer/ with pack train, under the direction 
of Lssistaat Chief Raster Bsan*/ Jrisohman, built a aaw ancw- 
shoe cabin at Parte oint <m the east dioro of Yollcr.:stono isSm 9 
to replace the old one that had become too much dilapidated 
to be serviceable. Shis cabin is built of peeled logs, and 
consists of one room 12 % 16 feet in sise. i'fae floor, window 
shatters and door are made of too -inch plank; roof shix&led. 
-11, lumber except Singles was salvaged from old tumble-down 
buildings near Late Outlet, transported to the site by boat* 
completion of this voffcf the ereiwas laid off and sent in 
to be paid off. 

(b) MnMiiniiMft raft ift-Htfr of rtarriaifl l^mtFmt?i» 



eadquarters iraetloally no Inzprovemsnts 
Sams improvements were made to the quarters occupied 
by assistant Chief Hanger cBride. ?wo men were employed 
three days removing daageroue rock above the road in the 
Gardiner Canyon. Shop work consists of winter re -airs to 

-7- 



E OF S 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 

uPERWe&*»«*y «*»* equipment* 

to the south forest reserve the oeeap doisg road 
completed the work on the 3§> miles of road improvement 
in the vicinity of i ilgrim IJTeek on October 5, and arrived in 
Headquarters October 10. 

2fae pile driving on the Fishiiag Bridge at the Mas 
Outlet was completed and the hand rail replaced* 2his sarae 
ere* then cleared the ttober and graded the new road along 
the lefts shore at the Lake Hotel, arriving in Eead^juarters 
October 20 » 

Conohan f s ores? at the Canyon arrived In Headquarters 
October 5, leaving the artist 1 s ioint road and the cribbing 
on the Inspiration .oint road in fair condition for spring. 

On the tenaoth to ilorris road the graveling crew 
at Harris asm in October 4. Cottrell f s mm finished the 
worfc of fciqKrevlag 3 railes of road on the Sraa Lafcie Flats and 
called in October !?• 



2he Yellowstone Late survey was discontinued the 
first of the month. B^ineer Buraey made a complete survey 
of the proposed road from Yellowstone to Grayling Creek along 
the west boundary, ifhie sarvqy was completed October 21 and 
was the last work done out In the park* 

There are two ai^ineers ia the office woffciflg up 
field data aadjawjeging the office m® files* 

(c) iftftqenanaotts Im^ovmrot 7 :-<ffift* 

Assistant Chief Hanger Harry i'risehraan repaired the 
saewshoe cabin at Cabih Creels and l^horofare Cres&c, in the 
southeast corner of the Wtffe* ?he windows were furnished with 
two-inch plank shatters, and new doors v?ere made of the sane 
material. 

She hs^ ere*? at Osrdimr filially finished putting 
up the oat h^r there, begun Sept, 8, <hi October 17, total 
of 93 tons were cut and stacked* 

She fence crew at the Buffalo Farm was laid 
en October 23, haviae completed in all the rebuild!^ of about 
4& miles of pasture fence, rebuilding corrals, chutes and 
squeeze, and assisting in raccinatin^ the taiffalo. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

of supervisor £wo tea©* with drivers wer* employed at the buffalo 

farm up to October 23 in seeding nieadow laai that had pre- 
viously been plowed and cultivated* bout IhO acres were 
seeded, tat only afcout | oo acres were disced in, as the etc 
cane on and rendered it impracticable to cultivate the soil. 

2he crew on Slough Creeic built pole femes around 
the haystacks, and built a snail cabin for the use of the 
teaaster employed to care for the herd of horses to be 
wintered there. 

She raess house at Headquarters was discontinued on 
October 15, as there was no further use for it after all of 
the construction crews had been laid off. 

!£be animal report for the year was finished and 
tranmitted to the oerviee. 

frgP Fwementg to conaeasjoneyg * 

Hays, General !3aaa®er» 2his company continued construction 

worfc on its new buildings at the j.ato Caen and before the 

end of the month had succeeded in dosing in the new central 

buiiaingt despite the storay weather, a fine new fire-place 

was constructed in the north end of the buildia*> It was v 

the purpose of the Camping Company to continue the interior 

finish!** of this new building, but the teep snows made the 

transportation of ;iaterial so difficult and costly that the 

erwwa were withdrawn at the end of the month. 

ith John ♦ 9mm*% formerly foreman of our road 
maintenance ores? in the south forest, in charge, work was 
begun about the middle of the month on the new central 
buildii^ for the Hoosevelt Canrp at 2owe* Falls. Between 
the tiae of beginning this worlc and the end of the sionth 
the erew of men under Evans was engaged in getting out logs 
and clearing the site for the aw building. Plans and speci- 
fications for this structure will be submitted at an early 
date. It is proposed to mate* this cajsp something on the 
order of the *daie ranch" of the est. I big log building 
v/ill constitute the central unit and contain dining roOT, 
Kitchen, and lobby or looagi** room. WmM I* 

be placed about the central structure. She ca*ap will be wade 
head uarters for flal -ties, tourists desiring to ta&e 

loi^ and short saddle-horse triv>s, etcetera. 

-9- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
OF SUPERVISOR * ta^^^^^^^^to the MMltti 

Cmf 9 but plans were considered for the establishment of a 
bathing pool at this earap and tentative arrangements v?ere / 

made for the rearrangement of the camp during the winter V 

months. 2he o**np was used as a base of euppliee for the con- 
struction crews at Lake and Roosevelt Gaaps* 

I?he oaring company was handicapped seriously by 
the big storm, several of its trucks loaded ~;./ith material* 
•qairroent, ami supplies* being caught in the snow* ithin 
a week after the storm broke Mr* Kays succeeded in clearing 
the road from the Lake Camp to the Grand Canyon, and in co- 
operation with the hotel cosapany finally broke the road through 
to Eanraoth Hot Springs* fhis ?aade it possible to rescue wm 
ef the motor equipment caught in the mm, but before all of 
It could be brought in strong winds drifted the snow into the 
cleared read and additional snow finally made the road im- 
passable again and compelled recourse to horse-drasm sleds 
for the wife of transporting supplies sad mm. 

ghe Yellowstone Parte Hotel Compare/, Boring the 
a»nth the Yellowstone -.-tel Compaq continued work on 

its new dormitory for girls "back of the Canyon Hotel. When 
the big storra brote on the night of October 22 the first and 
second floors were in place and the staddiqg for the third 
floor was in course of erection. • great depth of one. 

and continued cold v/oather prevented such worte being dose 
on the building for a ifiilr, but at the m^ of the aonth it V 

was possible to resuiae work and it is hoped that the building 
will be laced under cover before the crests have to be with- 
drawn for the winter, me fret mAm for this 
structure was a very difficult laatter for the company to 
handle and it looked for a tine as if all wo*k would hare to 
be abandoned on thiSs boildisig. In pouring the c ncrete for 
the f&un&ation of this structure part ef the xaaterial frose, 
but the foundation w*as eo well reinforced that it is doubtful 
whether the freeaing will in any way affect it* 



He work was un&ertafcan on the new dorsal tory rfcieh 
the eosapany proposes to build in the rear of the Old Faith- 
ful Inn at Upr>er Geyser Basin# 

Likewise It was not possiHeffor the ooapaay to 
undertake the improvements that it contemplates making in the 
Lake Hotel* 



-1 - 



/ 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

5 OF SUPERVISOR 

^f ft f t^JJK ^ "J"*"* ***«**><* the Improvement of 
£^* *f e taildl^n in iti plant at ttwt ... B# 

raovel of unsightly cornice and lath and stucco work on sue 
sides, 7*l<^ has \moom very matin dilapidated. Shinies will 
replace the stucco &ad it is r*oposed to oaint the exterior 
of the entire buildi ^^ 

£he old stables of the ooTupaijy near the north 
boundary were z*emodeied for use as storage bams for abandoned 
©caches which the can «ay had to tabs from its Msnsaoth Fot 
Sprigs buildings in order do idsake room for autojaoMles. 

*Iy in the month the company be&an the -paint i 
of its motor e^ipsaent, ml in order to* facilitate tills work 
I gore its officers permission to we the paint shop formerly 
utilised tyr the iingineer iDepartnient efeia it was in charge f 
road work in the park. % Inspection of the oars as th«y were 
turned out of the paint shop indicates that they tfere beizg 
well painted, bat from sll.appearenees they are receiving a 
very superficial over-haaliag in the machine shop. It is un- 
fortunate that the company should not seek to put its cars in 
better condition for the opening of next season. I antici- 
pate that auch trouble will be experienced through defective 
aaehaniftn of the cars unless mare oar© is taken in ^ep&irigg 



2he t itioa company raroposes to erect new 

gasoline and oil filling stations at Upper gq/aer Basin, 
Late, sad Canyon, tat it was i, 

Shese stations will have to be auilt in the earl- spring, as 
soon as material and man can be transported to the upper park. 

gqorsge V/h Jtt^sr. tor, Whit taker continued the con- 
struction of his mm store at Canyon, In lat 
ber i«andsca roved the c 
this store near Canyon Junction? that it, oint whore the 
road from Horris Basin joins the aaain loop s; ?h© new 
site is near the location of the old "l** 1 Holm's buildings, 
which Ifir. \ hittaker has been using for the past tvio years. 
As seen as the site was selected I permitted 1ft hittaker 
to clear amy trees and sttcaps and ley the concrete foundation 
for the new structure, l inspected the site on October 
and found that the clearing had been done in a vor$ satis- 
factory manner, i ians for the new store have been forwarded 

-11- 






DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

e of supER^sfiaadjp&ap© engineer -unohard, |» cyder that he may nets 
his approval on the ♦ fter they are returned to me I will 
forward thea to the £ervioe with indication of uagr approval. 
2hese plane contemplate the construction of a larsge !<>$ build- 
lx% of attractive design, conceived % Architect 0. Mown* 
Ktrt *t oleaa, 



JJrees aare spotted for Mr. '/hittaker h^ Chief Iianger 
McBride, and be is engaged in cutting raid hsuling these logs 
to the sit© of his tmt building at the present bi e. 3he 
storm has interfered sommsfc&t with this *9!fe» but 8*> 
"Jhlttaicer, ^a/ho is an old~tin*.er in the park, expects to "bo 
able to get his ne& building water roof before he has to ??ith~ 
6rm his ores? for the win, i» new built en com* 

pleted, *ill cost in the neighborhood of ^,000 and ??ill be a 
distinct credit to the park* One of the no* filling stations 
of the Yellowstone *9 wil1 * & er ^°* ed 

imedi&tely east of the new store* 

*m.im IfonjLItesu iJurirg the rsonth HT. Hamilton 
continued the Construction of his new store at the lake Outlet, 
in accordance with vIwiq atoeaAy arnroved bgr the Service. He 
had to contend with - a good aaay labor trembles, and the big 
stem brought new difficulties in the ws^ of traaisportatien 
of equipment and supplies. He tawrely continued his mite until 
the end of the month, whan he advised m that he wuld have 
to tela*? in his crws and stop worfc for »*• He was 

unable to get his building under roof, bat with anything 
UlDS fasrorable spring conditions he will probably be able to 
finish the store and have it reads for use shortly after the 
opening ef the season* 

id» §ssximJ^J^Ji^^^ 

As the parte season ma over the latter part of 
September, travel for October oensis&ed of a few parties 
i>i-avelintf ' I *r fjmi transportation, wo&t of tfaam **o- 

vided with their am camping outfits or si^ly passing through 
from one entrance to soother on hunting trips. tm secured 
■II— llH Will with the winter kee/aerft at hotexs, or w%M con- 
struetion oreiTS at hotels ariL ean$>s. Most of the 40 auto- 
laobiles entering at Gardiner were local ^^ «**f iSEL* 
trips on business. *he total travel as team Dgr the inclosed 
copy of the Chief Banger *g Heport was as follows* 



-12- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 



E OF SUPER 



YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 



1 



Uk* : : : : : 

cz 

north 

totals 54 

IV. CM 19 1MMSU, 

Besides the iraproveraent work beln£ carried en If 
the business interests of the iarfc as stated above, the 
administration was engaged until the end of the nenfch in en- 
deavoring to eztrioate its motor eauipnent from the snow, and 
in rationing ranker stations for the winter. 



In the off ioe plans were earriod out for placing 
en a winter basis, and every effort was made to ex- 
pedite the settlement of ao count a. The storekeeper sod oost 
olerfc was engaged in bringing the oost data up to date, sod 
preparing reports for the last half of the fiscal year ended 
90, 1919. 



In the machine shops and garage work of repairing 
lines, tools, equipment, and motor vehicles was continued. 



r. 

As indicated in another part of this report, it 
was necessary to begin feeding hay to the elk during the last 
days of the month, in order to stop the migration of the 
herds from the park to the mountainous region northward, , 
they were sure to be slaughtered. 



of patrolling the park line to prevent 
by hunters and poachers was began by the range] 
prior to October 1st and 15th, the opening dates of the hunting 
in ./yoralnr? and don tana resp e c tively. 



TI. FLUB OB 

During the month of November it is proposed to re- 
model the laige wooden stable immediately south of the scene 
stable which was converted last year into a m ac hin e chop and 
?hls big structure will be used hereafter for the 






DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 
E OF SUPERVISOR __ . m ^ _ 

■*•»*• of vehioles and road equipment which are now stored 
in different Validly: 8 about Inane to Hot Springs* Doors will 
to placed en the watt side of the building, in order that 
tottor aooess to tho structure may be had* 

The thiVK/ loo houses now used ay the Yellowstone 
Part total Oonps(Dy 9 the Yellowstone rartc Canning Company, 
and the National .arte Servioe, respectively, are located in 
close proximity to the Bsjisth Camp sad are voxy unsightly. 
It is proposed to wreck these buildings, ealvagixv; the lu 
for future use, sad then remodeling one of the old 
at Fort Yellowstone for Ae purpose of orevidlng adequate 
storage fasilities for lee. fhe wort of remodeling this 
build li¥* .111 be undertaken by the Yellowstone -art Eotel 
Company and the Yellowstone Part Oanplng CoopaiVt in return 
for the use of two-thirds of the new facilities, The other 
third of the new lee storage plant will be used by ear Service. 



Jt is alee proposed to more the ooasniesary and 
supplies now housed in building* formerly used by the 
„r Der>artmsnt to the old Post Coomissary and warehouse 
of fert Yeliowstone. The latter buildings are better adapted 
for our purposes, are warmer, and really men easier to take 
oare of. This ahange will also enable us to oonoentrate all 
of our cquipaomt and supplies where they can be more eoou~ 
Ually handled and where they earn be more accessible to t 
portotlon faculties when it is necessary to novo then into 
parte* 



Plana ham been made for talcing en inventory of all 
toe useful and nonappealable property, and likewise it is prc- 
posed to take a similar inventory of property that can not 
be used, \fter the latter inventory is made the raaterial 
that should be condoned will be segregated from material 
that night be ahipped to ether parks, and when the material 
not needed here that is still useful has been f InaJ 
toinod, lists will be sent to the •errloe with the r 
datlen that the other parts be circularised for the . 
of ascertaining what portion of this material they earn use. 




s soon as possible, it is proposed to allow 
Dovrlng and Henry Anderson to place their •trlng Jf 
. in ordor that they nay eatoh as anas/ 
as possible. Those too men are experts in 



During the month Hanger Anderson will ration a 
-14- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 



CE OF SUPERVISOR 

msaber of eaowflhoe cabins* 

It is proposed to continue feeding enough hay to 
the elk herds to keep them within the park tKrandarles and to 
take every other ste; necessary to proteot these anioals. 
Farther efforts will be made to purchase additional quantities 
of hay* 

▼II • HCI • 

Seer policies inaugurated duri^: the wntti include 
the prohibition of the movement of hunting parties over the 
trails of the W*u r £he order covering this policy provides 
that hontiEg parties may cross the park on the riain roads, 
provided their guns arc sealed at the gate used in enteric, 
and in ease game meat should be procured the order provides 
that it sust be mapped and sealed when brought into the park* 

Another policy insagurs&ed provides that no gams 
neat shall be brought into the park for consumption hero. 

▼III. COS* OF QPK 

It is not possible to give the cost of operatlap 
the park dnrix** the month of October, bat it is expected that 
hereafter early in the naonth the costs of the preceding montlffc 
operations will be available* 

It may be stated, however, that during the Taonth 
of October very little *noney was spent outside of the salaries 
of the administrative and protective forces* 2b© suspension 
of improvement mtk in the early part of the month practically 
placed the £a*k on a winter basis of operation* 

ix* omm iftm& 



In general the wild animals srore in excellent con- 
dition, tot the heavy snowstorm of October 83 and B3, follow- 
ed by low temperatures, brought the elk, deer, antelope end 
mountain sheep down to the lower levels looking for forage, 
and a large naaber of the elk went outside %7here they were 
an easy i?rey for hunters* 

-Ibis brought the elk dom so suddenly that our 
plan to hold a large herd of thmi on Slouch Creek and feed 

-1-- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 
CE OF SUPERVISOR , „ M +*-**+* 

thesa there for the winter miscarried, as they are not apt to 
return after once earning down, until spring* But with the 
preeent prospects for a hard winter, it is almost sure that 
we shall need this hay befare spring for our surplus horses 
and the tai» trcffalo herd, and efforts are Wing made to 
secure funds far yxtttiiBB* of iwre for feeding the elk* Shis 
necessary change in plans leaves us tat 689 tons of hay avail- 
able for feeding wild animals, instead of 870 tons reported 
list month. Strenuous efforts are being rasde to procure 300 
to 400 tons additional. 

flqffalo. $%2& feerd . I 'eport was received of the 
wild herd which ranges laoetly around Saddle Mountain sm& in 
Pelican Valley ♦ fracas of on© old bull that ranges on the 
Upper Yellowstone Tjy htoself irare seen. 

foiffalo . tai ae herd . 2his herd was rounded up to 
he vaccinated for hemorrhagic septicemia on October 7 and the 
actual vaccination occurred on tho Oth Mi 9th, the second 
vaccination about ten days later* 9m Bureau of jaisial In- 
dustry furnished the vaccine, and sent t^o of their veterinar- 
ians - Doctor Planfc and Doctor Valium - £*om the Eelc 
Montana, office, to do the worse* Of the total herd, 35b 
were waecinated* Of these 90 were calves* During the process 
of vaccination 5 calves and one old cow were injured in 
handily to the extent that they died later* lessee of this 
sort are unavoidable, as the handling of a herd of bison is 
at the best a very rou^h and dangerous proposition. One &1* 
has been born since the herd was vaccinated. £ho total number 
bora this season is therefore 91, of which H were males and 
39 females* Of these Z aisles and z females were killed in 
process of vaccination, leaving 50 males wxi 36 females at the 
taresent time* Of the retraining m males, >*> were castrated, 
at the tinse of the second vaccination. She total number in 
the herd at the present tfcne is 414* 

gears . Bears continued to give considerable trouble 
up to the time of the storm, October 22 and U, when they 
evidently were driven permanently into winter quarters, as 
no complaints have been heard since. 

Ajwag other depredations during the iramth was the 
steal ki£ of a h*n from our ca^oissary storehouse. 4 single 
pane of glass was brofcan from a window sash, and frea the 
fresh tratffcs in the soft xmad it was evident that the visitors 
consisted of a mother black bear and one or two oubs. Also 

-16- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

that after breaking the .M^tf _riM§ J&>#> mother sent one of 
f the cub* inside ^xndYO^S^Xm gu&d outside. She 
little felloe stole a hm that laid on the counter aad got 
amy with it 9 but was unsuccessful in getting inside of the 
salt meat room* which is protected by * wire screen supported 
by slats. 2ho following evening they attempted to repeat 
the occurence, but the little bear apparently was frightened 
oray after he had loosened three of the slats at one end but 
had not succeeded in getting through the wire screen to the 
meat* 

Antelope* 2he storms drove the antelope down to 
the Gardiner flats ahead of time* mA. they haaro been unea» 
and anxious to get through the fenoe to lower levels ever/ 
since the heavy snow came, ihe fence is patrolled every day 
aad a careful watch Kept to repair any small hole underneath 
which might let them through. Bven at this a few (about 25) 
wpb outside, but as they are absolutely protected in Montana, 
aad also from the fact that they are west of the Yellowstone 
liver which is a state gone preserve, they have not been ao- 
lested, and will be returned to the park as soon as possible. 
Park Raxger A* U McLaughlin who patrols this part of the 
north line daily reports about 360 head of antelope in the 
herd at prwmU 

peer . But few deer have been seen oeiapared with 
former years, aad reports indicate that quite a number of 
them wander outside of the parlc, where they are an easy ?r$y 
to hunters as they are very taste in the parte. I have heart of 
about a dozen having been killed to the present date, but 
doubtless theye have been many raore than this tateen since the 
open season begun in Montana on October 1. 

Bftfe « 2he storms of the month already referred to 
Placed the dUc herds of Yellowstone National Park in the 
gravest peril. As explained in previous reports, the grass 
on the ranges of the park was stunted aad burned during the 
past swaner when tfoe weather was ware* and there was absolutely 
no rain. As >redioted, this poor condition of the range caused 
the elk to vjork down ftona the mountains earlier than usual. 
In late September it began to storm, end the one or tsro saow 
stems that preceded the bier stona which began on October ZZ 
tended to accelerate the downward movement of the elk« She 
big stem covered, all of the ra^-es dee > with anew aad caused 
the northern herd, to drift rapidly toward the north boundary, 
while the herds south and southwest of the Continental Divide 
aoved quickly into the Jackson Bole. Assistant Chief Harder 
Jrlsetaan reports that in the course of a oonqparatively tm 

-17- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

e of superJW8S£# fc& e 2horofarc region and the Upper Yellowstone were 
cleared of elk, the herds moving rapidly northward to the 
vicinity of I ellcaa Creek ®a& thence error into the Lamar 
Hirer region* v 1th in a Tory few days after the big storm 
the elk herds were observed moving into the Crevice aulch 
district, and on the west side of the Yelloiastone Hirer into 
what is known as the Itarkey ?©n region* 

On October 28 several hundred head of elk had left 
the )©rk, most of them going out in the vicinity of Crevice 
Ctaldu Mancr of them were killed iamdiatsly upon leaarii^ 
the park boundary, voting Chief Ranger 'eBride reports that 
there are now approximately 3 f 000 head on Creviee Creek 
which will probably leave the ?ark in the early future. Swqr 
effort is being made, however, to hold these m' 
and It meg be possible to hold then in the parte for some ?/eeks. 

Before the end of the month at least too large 
herds left the park at the nwruth of Bear Creek, only about 
tiro miles east of Gardiner. These animals came dosm the 
west sid© of the Yellowstone Biter along the 'Jhxrkey 
Srail* In order to step the drifting of the elk out of the 
park at this point the feeding of hay was begun. 

Meanwhile hunters from all over the state of lon- 
tana eaae to dardiner her train and the slaughter of the elk 
that unfortunately drifted out of the park was almost too, 
horrible to relate. Shore » little sport In the Iftftt 
of the animals as they drifted from the park In herds and 
were as tarns as domestic cattle. She noble anfcnals were shot 
dawn almost the moment they left the park line in many eases, 
but the worst part of the wholesale butchery was the wounding 
of maicr animals that were not afterwards killed. Sfceso 
crippled creatures are bound to die in the snow. Boring the 
last wa*fc of the month from twenty to a hundred elk were 
nlaced en the park braash of the Northern Pacific Ballroad 
•Mhday. the platforms of the stations at Gardiner sM Corwin 
Sprigs beix^ loaded with dead aalmala f by the time the train 
arrived from Livi^ston. It is sported that one day there 
were so mom elk ready for shipment that there was not suffi- 
cient apace available in the cars to handle them and that the 
meat of approximately forty dead animals spoiled. 

She worst feature of this drift of the elk is that 
all of the animals that are not killed will probably starve 
to death, as there is absolutely no feed for then in the 
forest north of the park. She range in the bsaroka national 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

e of super^WFo^ t waB almost destroyed daring tne sanaaer drought, and 
what little grass was not baraed was oaten \y sheep and 
cattle. 2he oik that left the park mst, therefore, continue 
drifting northward over the barren ground, aM reports coming 
in daring the past few days are to the effect that 
animals have already reached a point approximately half way 
between Gardiner and Livingston — that is t between £5 and 30 
miles north of the park* I anticipate that people will be 
riding out from Livii^ston in automobiles before Christmas 
sad shooting the elk from their cars* fhe hunting season in 
Paris: Counter does *»* close until December 25* 

She Forest Service is without raon^y to provide the 
necessary patrols for the purpose of protecting the elk in 
the Absaroto national Forest, but it has its r^ular rangers 
on duty. I noted, however, that the supervisor of the forest 
and his rangers were among the first to kill elk, and while 
in Gardiner recently one of the forest rangers advised m 
that he had cow down to psy y£5*00 for a license to kill a 
second elk# 2he 2jontana las? provides that upon the paysaeat 
of ^25*00 an extra lleenee may be )rooured which will entitle 
a tenter to a second elk* I likewise observed feat the 
Montana gsrae wardens were mowg the first to oosae to Gardiner 
for the purpose of killing elk and teer. 

In conversations vdth the garae wardens and various 
people, they indicated a great interest in the preservation 
ef the herds, but could not see ho\? they could do anything* 
2hey all stated that it is up to the National Keifc service 
to save the elk if anything at all is to be done. 

State G-azae harden J. U DeBart took up headquarters 
at aardiner for the purpose of observing conditions, and has 
already advised me that he is favorable to securing: State 
legislation cuttii^ down the hunting: season and giving saore 
OTOtection to the elk in tho vicinity of the north boundary 
of the park. ^hat his detailed reeomendationji will be I can 
not say. 

It is probable that between 1,000 and 1,500 head of 
elk had left the park by November 1. 2toe feeding of hay s*y 
result in keeping several thousand oik within the park boundary, 
bat much depends upon weather conditions. 

I have no information as to what has happened to 
the southern herds, but it is a safe guess that they are being 
slaughtered in the Jackson role. She Biological ftxevvj, hew- 

-19- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 
E OF SUPERVISOR 

ever, will be able to savo the nucleus of the herd with the 
hay that it has accumulated at its farm* 

Uhere is a possibility, however, that ae may lose 
all of the animals. I repeat, the elk are facing the most 
serious winter in the history of the park:* 

I have asked the Service to arrange for niafeing 
available more funds for the purchase of additional stocks 
Of hay, and as this is written inforcatioa corses that not 
exceeding 430 tons may be purchased If this seems advisable . 
It is a question near whether any swre hay oan be purchased in 
this neighborhood, but every effort will be oade to secure 
sufficient hey to tide over the elk herds that we raey be able 
to kee i within the boundaries of the pe- 
lt has just been discovered fcy our rangers that 
tooth huntii^ has been going on in the Gallatin national 

38t f and according to the newspapers this tooth han 
is also beim carried on in other parts of -ontana. 

Mountai n Saw v. 2he usual herd of mountain shoe* 
oarae down to ftardiner Canyon af te T the storm, and are seen 
daily &I0&2 the road. ! i?hey have also been seen in Golden 
Gate Canyon, 4 miles south of Headquarters. On October 20 a 
male lanfc Mias to the tent occupied by trm laborers who were 
plowing land for zaeadows on Lamar Hiver about • miles south 
of the buffalo farm, and entered the tent without any apparent 
fear. He was a healthy looking specimen, but in poor fleshy 
2he buffalo keeper tools: him to the ranch and fed him milk, 
bread, etc*, but he finally died. 

Uoose . im occasional iaoose was seen during the 
month by rangers on raitrol. Assistant Chief limber Harry 
ih*iaehiaan reports seeing many of them in the Upper Yellowstone 
country in the southeast corner ox' the park. 

business of hantisg during Ui© month, but three coyotes v/ere 
killed in connection with other duties. 

MMtaK* 

hile the graaing ^&® not as good as usual, it was 
better than it is outside of the parfe, smA an effort was 
. to hold as sany el* as practicable within the bou-daries 
of the park after the big stora occurred v&ich naturally has a 

-20- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

ce of suPERvjggjj^^ to fQree ^ ffara0 dQfTO t0 lov;er levels. 

Domestic oatvle or horses were act grand to asp 
extent in the park during the rao ork 

Cattle OoKipaay was permitted to talce its hard of 700 to 750 
eat tie from Its arumer gracing gro\iad on Madison River, 
through the pe*rk over the (r&llatin Country road, to the printer 
quarters on West Gallatin, on Gctobor 12 and 13. 

t K the ouramr birds ndgratec. fea park 

during the month, lossriHg the usual varieties that remain 
all winter, s a few &ueks, Clark's nut crao&ers, ousels, 

etc* 



Figtiing was fairly good in Madison River, near the 
western entrance, w$ to tile time r>f the stor i, although not 
as good as usual in the fall, due to the fact that the rater 
was lower in the streams and the trout did not go tip so high 

tO SpSSHU 

She open season for big garae,Jfo>ened for elk in 
Montana on October lb and \ng on October 1; for deer 

In Montana on October 1 and in Wyoming Kovembor 1* hlle it 
lasts in yeraiug for both elk and deer until Jiovenber X, 
the hewry snowfall stopped all huntAngf near the parte lines, 
or that would naturally have to travel through the paprtc. But 
the season in - ark County, Montana, v&ieh lies just north of 
the park, lasts to December n% and will be accessible for 
hunters until that Di*'oe« 

Since October 1 special patrols have been maintained 
at all points wfe«r *&>& to nunters &e, ;*03S 

the line, and this will be necessary tt portions of MM 
line until the end of ^eoeab. 



-21- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 
JE OF SUPERViSOR ;:mA m ml ^ Lm& ^ im 

3 only arrests recorded d • samth, 

results of tr&U, were as follows* 

On October 88 'cti?^ 4 Chief Paoger James MoBride 
arrested Bert it and 1, J# Bush, all of Jardine, 

Montana, for huntix^ in the park.* Robert Sant was discharged 
by the U. S. Commissioner. Bert Gent and ft« J. Bash were 
each fined toenty-five dollars and half of the costs of the 



On October 30 Raxger Henry aadersou arrested P. G. 
Gil&erson, of BOBe*3an t Montana, for shooting a gen inside 
of the park, or rather while he ot.s inside the park. He ras 
fined fifty dollars and costs of t b^ the U. S. Com- 

missioner. 

iig- 
So, forest fires were reported durii^ the too. 

M accidents -srero reported tar 

of the hi to Co 

isaasxfstetur&ro, and Hoe lMfy f President, Qlt • A l!rans- 

port&tion Conpaxqr, in Cody 16tr ; liner &2d. 

3>. - ! indent C&tc ators, 

State Highway Coranissioa of "o )etober 1 to about 10. 

Officially, for ins-'eotin^ motor tractor and trades horror/ed 
tr<m state. 

* K laicier, Int nrice, 7, 

to get movies o rococo of vacttirntion. 

otobar 2 ta movies in all paries fJ?©m an aero- 
plane. 

Doctors allznan and ilank, Veterinarians, U. . 
Bnreau of nimal Industry, to vaccinate buffalo. 

Ernest W. Stow, Supervisor, ibsarolea National Porest, 
at Gardiner, October 35. 

-22- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 



OF SUPERVISOR 



J. 2»« Selft, ;e Game harden of Montana, at 

aardtoer, QgHftfg tiU 

V$ . '■-■:.■: ^*K\ Idaho ^alle 

ice* &B 

ftp In the r 

jroh services wero held in the chape* at Hg# 
$au»ters enrer,y Sua&su, MNMlflB »i fNWrtHi iwtfli the month* 

ftgg MBpS to mn&t of '*£&8*£3 were fMfr* 

nh^^A ^ park air>loyees during the snoatfe* 

£he usual report of monies collector to© and trans- 
mitted, together with monay orders and checks totaling ,181»85, 
as called for Iry fortaa 10~3$ and 10-40, is inclosed* lease 
acknowledge rer 

Cordially yours, 

BOUOS 8 4URSU!? 

Superinia^ent* 

The Direct 
HtofchmS 

Department of the Interior, 

Vashiqgtoii, ">* * 

laclosures: 



r2S-